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直流高压电源的设计思路以及与电容充电电源的区别

KH-DKGXILIEWUFANGBUJINGDIANZHUJIGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANSHIYANGZHOUKAIHONGDIANYUANKEJIYOUXIANGONGSIGONGSIZIZHUYANFASHENGCHANDEYIKUANGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN,GAIDIANYUANZHUYAOZHENDUIWUFANGBUJINGDIANZHUJI,JINGDIANPENTU,JINGDIANFANGSI,JINGDIANCHUCHENDENGGONGCHANGJIKEYANSHIYANHESHENGCHANZHUANYONG。JUYOUCAOZUOJIANDAN,ANZHUANGFANGBIAN,BINGSHEJILEWANBEIDEBAOHUGONGNENG,SHIYONGYUELIEDEGONGZUOHUANJING。


SHEJILINIANGAISHU

黑马计划GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDEGUANGFAN(extensive)YINGYONG

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANZAIZHILIUDIANYUANLINGYUZHONGSHUYUTEZHONGGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN,TADEYINGYONGSHIFEICHANGGUANGFANDE,QIYINGYONGLINGYUZHUYAOZAIYIXIAFANGMIAN:

GAOYAFANGDIANLEI

黑马计划GAOYAJINGDIAN(SHIYIZHONGCHUYUJINGZHIZHUANGTAIDEDIANHE)CHANGLEI

DIANZIYULIZIJIASUQILEI

黑马计划GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANLU(Electric circuit)JIEGOU

黑马计划GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDESHEJI(Design)TEDIAN

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN(power supply)DENGXIAOMOXING(model)

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANRAOZUSHILI

ZHEIZHONGJIEGOUDERAOZUTONGCHANGCHENGWEIFENGWOSHIRAOZUHUOFENGFANGSHIRAOZU,JIEGOUHENFUZA,XUYAOYONGZHUANYONGDERAOXIANJICAINENGGOUWANCHENG。

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANRAOZUSHILI

黑马计划YINWEIFENGWOSHIRAOZUJIEGOU(Structure)FUZA,GONGYINANDUHENDA,SUOYIGAOYARAOZUCHANGHUICAIYONGDUOCAOGUJIADERAOZUJIEGOU。KEYOUXIAOJIANGDIFENBUDIANRONG,BINGBAOZHENGRAOZUJUEYUAN。

ZHILIUGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANZHENGLIULVBODIANLUSHEJITEDIAN

黑马计划YINWEIZHILIUGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDESHUCHUGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYAHENGAO,SUOYICIJITONGCHANGCAIYONGBEIYAZHENGLIUDIANLUHUODUORAOZUFENBIEZHENGLIUHOUCHUANLIANDEJIEGOU。TONGCHANGCAIYONGDIANRONGLVBO,JISHAOCAIYONGLCLVBO。

BANBOOUSHUBEIYAZHENGLIUDIANLU

BANBOQISHUBEIYAZHENGLIUDIANLU

QUANBOOUSHUBEIYAZHENGLIUDIANLU

QUANBOQISHUBEIYAZHENGLIUDIANLU

BEIYAZHENGLIUDIANLUDEYOUQUEDIAN

YOUDIAN:

BIANYAQI(Transformer)ZABIXIAO,CIJISHUCHUGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYADI,BIANYAQIGONGYI( technology)JIAOJIANDAN;

黑马计划CIJIZASHUJIAOSHAO,FENBUDIANRONGXIANGDUIJIAOXIAO;

黑马计划DUISHUCHUGONGLVYOUZIDONGXIANZHIGONGLVDENENGLI。JIEDIDIANZUCESHIYIXINGHAODIANZUCESHIYIDEZHONGLEIBIJIAODUO,BAOKUOJIEDIDIANZUCESHIYI、JUEYUANDIANZUCESHIYI、JIEDIDIANZUCESHIYI、ZHILIUDIANZUCELIANGYI、BIAOMIANDIANZUCESHIYIYIJIHUILUDIANZUCESHIYI。

QUEDIAN:

黑马计划DAIFUZAINENGLICHA,BUSHIHEDAGONGLVYINGYONG;

SHUCHUGAOPINWENBOBIJIAODA;

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYAJIANLISHIJIANZHANG,MOUXIEYINGYONG(application)BEIXIANZHI。

BIANYAQICIJIDUORAOZUZHENGLIUCHUANLIAN

SHIYONGYUJIKWZHIJISHIKWDEDAGONGLV(ZHIWUTIZAIDANWEISHIJIANNEISUOZUODEGONGDEDUOSHAO)GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN。LIRUYIYUANZUOXIONGTOUDEXGUANGJIGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN,YIBANXUYAO50~80KWDESHUNJIANGONGLV,ZUIGAOGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYA(voltage)YUE150KV,YAOQIUKVYUmASHANGSHENGSHIJIANZAIJIGEHAOMIAONEI,YUEKUAIYUEHAO。DUOHUICAIYONGZHEIZHONGJIEGOUDEDIANLU。

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANCAIYANGDIANLUDESHEJITEDIAN

FENYAYONGDEGAOYADIANZUDEFENBUDIANRONGJIAOXIAO,SUOYIKEYIYONGWAIBUBINGLIANYIZHIGUDINGDIANRONGDEFANGSHILAIXIAOCHUFENBUDIANRONGDEBUQUEDINGXINGDEYINGXIANG。BINGLIANDIANRONGRONGLIANGTONGCHANGZAIJISHIpFDAO1nFZUOYOU。SHIJIDIANLUZHONGGAOYADIANZUBINGLIANDEC1、C2、C3DENGDIANRONGRONGLIANGBISHANGMIANGONGSHIZHONGDESHUZHILVEDA。MUDESHIJIFANKUIHUANLUTIGONGYIGECHAOQIANBUCHANG,ZENGJIAFANKUIHUANLUDEDAIKUAN。

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANGONGLVBIANHUANDIANLU(Electric circuit)DESHEJI(Design)TEDIAN

BIRU:

48V/10A,600WTONGXUNGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN(power supply)KEXUANGONGLVBIANHUANTUOPUFANGAN:

1,SHUANGGUANZHENGJI

2,PWMBANQIAO

3 LLCBANQIAO/QUANQIAO

4,YIXIANGQUANQIAO

黑马计划30KV/20mA,600WGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANKEXUANGONGLVBIANHUANTUOPUFANGAN:

黑马计划1,GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN(power supply)DIANYA(voltage)XINGBUCK+BUKEKONGNIBIANDIANLU(Electric circuit)

黑马计划2,GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANLIUXINGBUCK+BUKEKONGNIBIANDIANLU

黑马计划3 DAIFUZHUXIEZHENWANGLUODEYIXIANGQUANQIAO

4,LC/LCC/LLCCXIEZHENBIANHUANQI

LC/LCC/LLCCXIEZHENBIANHUANQI

30KV20mA LLCCDIANLU(Electric circuit)FANGZHEN

SHEJIYAOQIU:400VdcSHURU,30KV20mASHUCHU,KAIGUANPINLV50KHz

黑马计划FANGAN:CAIYONGQUANQIAOLLCCXIEZHENBIANHUANQI,SHUCHUCAIYONG3JIEBANBO6BEIYAZHENGLIU。

黑马计划JIASHESHUCHUDEGAOPINWENBOWEI1%,NEIMEANZHAO3JIEBANBO6BEIYADEWENBOJISUAN(calculate )GONGSHIYOU:

黑马计划XUANZEHESHIDEBIANYAQIBIANBIn,SHIGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYAZENGYIKDCSHUZHIZAI1~2ZHIJIANBIJIAOHELI。ZHEILIQUn=10。RAOZHIYIGEZABIWEI60:600DEGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN,CELIANGDEDAOCHUJIDIANGANLIANGWEI11mH,CIJIDIANGANLIANGWEI1100mH,BIANYAQICHUJILOUGANYUE30uH,CEDECIJIFENBUDIANRONGYUEWEI66pF,CIFENBUDIANRONGZHESUANDAOYUANBIANWEI6.6nF。YOUWENXIANJIANYICHUANLIANDIANRONGC1DEZHIQUWEICIJIFENBUDIANRONGZHESUANDAOYUANBIANDEZHIDE2BEI。ZAIZHEILI,WOGERENYIWEI,C1DEQUZHIKEYIZAI2~10BEIFANWEINEIDOUSHIKEXINGDE。BUJIANYIC1QUZHITAIXIAO,NEIYANGHUISHIC1CHENGSHOUJIAODADEGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYAYINGLI。ZAIBENLIZHONG,C1QUZHI22nF。BASHANGSHUCANSHUDAIRUQIANMIANDEGONGSHIJISUAN(calculate ),KEYIDEDAO:

JINGTIERJIGUANDAOTONGJIAO α=1.83rad=104.76°

黑马计划RCWANGLUOGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN(power supply)DIANYAGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANLIUXIANGWEICHAθ=0.43rad=24.50°

RCWANGLUO(Network)MOXINGZHONGDECpGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYADAOVoDEZENGYIXISHUλ1=1.21188

ZHILIUGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYAZENGYIKDC=1.29896

CONGSHURUDAODENGXIAOFUZAIWANGLUODEJIBOZENGYIXISHU|M1|=1.23636

GONGLVQUDONGGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYACHAOQIANGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANLIUJIAODU=31.28

XIEZHENDIANGANL1=1291uH,XIEZHENDIANGANFENGZHIGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANLIUIL1pk=2.76A

CHUANLIANDIANRONGC1DEFENGZHIGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDIANYA(voltage)VC1pk=398.88V

ZONG JIE

JIANDANJIESHAOLEGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANDEYINGYONGYUGEBUFENDIANLUDETEDIAN。JIEDIDIANZUCESHIYICHANGJIASHIYONGYUDIANLI、YOUDIAN、TIELU、TONGXIN、KUANGSHANDENGBUMENCELIANGGEZHONGZHUANGZHIDEJIEDIDIANZUYIJICELIANGDIDIANZUDEDAOTIDIANZUZHI;BENBIAOHAIKECELIANGTURANGDIANZULVJIDIDIANYA。

黑马计划JIESHAOLESHIYONGYUGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN(power supply)DELC/LCC/LLCCMOXINGDEJIANLIYUJISUAN(calculate )。SHUZIJIEDIDIANZUCESHIYIZHUANWEIXIANCHANGCELIANGJIEDIDIANZUERJINGXINSHEJIZHIZAODE,CAIYONGZUIXINSHUZIJIWEICHULIJISHU,3XIANHUO2XIANFACELIANGJIEDI DIANZU,JUYOUDUTEDEXIANZUXIAOYANGONGNENG、KANGGANRAONENGLIHEHUANJINGSHIYINGNENGLI,QUEBAOZHANGNIANCELIANGDEGAOJINGDU、GAOWENDINGXINGHEKEKAOXING。

TONGGUOYIGE30KV/20mAGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUAN(power supply)DEFANGZHEN(simulation)JIEGUOYANZHENGLELLCCMOXINGDEZHENGQUEXING。



XIANGTONGDIANHEQUBIEJIESHAO

GAOYAZHILIUYUANYUCHONGDIANDIANYUANDEXIANGTONGDIAN

黑马计划ERZHEDOUSHIJIANGSHIDIANDEDANXIANGAC220V(DAGONGLVSHISANXIANGAC380V)JIAOLIUDIANZHUANHUANWEIGAOYAZHILIUDIAN(HVDC)

GAOYADIANYUANNEIBUCHUNENGQUBIE

高压电源内部储能定义为升压变压器之后整流电路部分的储能,由于这部分能量会在每次电容放电时跟随电容一起放出,当输出电压降低过快时可能会导致高压整流二极管电流过大,限流电阻发热等一系列问题,所以普通的直流源不适用于电容充电,尤其是高频电容充放电场合。

XIAMIANLAIJIANDANJISUANYIXIAXIAOHAOZAIXIANLIUDIANZUSHANGDENENGLIANGYOUDUODA。SHANGTUSHIYIGE50kV、15kWDEPUTONGZHILIUDIANYUANDEBEIYAZHENGLIUBUFEN。ZHEISHIYIGE4BEIYADIANLU,BIANYAQISHUCHUDIANYAU_TUTJINGGUOBEIYADIANLUYIHOUHUIFANGDIANSIBEI,JI:4U_T = U_{OUT} = 50kV4UT=UOUT=50kVU_T=12.5kVUT=12.5kV。

QIZHONGC1SHANGDEDIANYAWEI U_T,C2,C3,C4UT,C2,C3,C4SHANGDEDIANYAWEI2U_T2UT。

黑马计划CISHIBEIYADIANRONGDECHUNENGWEI:Q =\frac 1 2 C_1 U_T^2+\frac 1 2 (C_2+C_3+C_4 )(2U_T)^2Q=21C1UT2+21(C2+C3+C4)(2UT)2DECHUCHUNENGQ=20.3125J,FANGDIANSHIFUZAIDIANRONGDIANYAJIANGZHI0VXIANGDANGDUANLUZHUANGTAI,DIANRONGDECHUNENGQUANBUXIAOHAOZAIXIANLIUDIANZUR1 ZHI R5SHANG,RUGUOANZHAOFANGDIANPINLV50HzLAIJISUAN,DANDANFANGDIANSHIXIAOHAOZAIXIANLIUDIANZUSHANGDEGONGLVJIUDADAO1kW,XIANRANZHEIYANGDEGONGLVDUIYUTIJISHIFENYOUXIANDEXIANLIUDIANZULAISHUOSHIBIZAOCHENGSUNHUAI。


黑马计划JINGGUOGONGYIDEGAIJINJIANGBIANYAQIDESHUCHUDIANYATISHENGZHIEDINGDIANYA,SHENGQUBEIYADIANLU。TONGYANG50kV,15kWDEDIANYUANLVBODIANRONGJIANXIAOZHI680pF,CISHICHUNENGWEI:Q =\frac 1 2 C_1 U_{OUT}^2Q=21C1UOUT2JISUANDEZHICHUNENGQ=1.7J,YUANYUANXIAOYUYOUBEIYADIANLUDEPUTONGZHILIUGAOYADIANYUAN。TONGSHIJIANGXIANLIUDIANZUGENGHUANWEILEXIEZHENDIANGAN,JINYIBUJIANXIAOFARE,JINGGUOZHEIYANGDEGAIJIN,SHIDEDIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANDEZHONGFUFANGDIANPINLVTISHENGZHI1kHz。GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANWEILEJIANGDISHUCHUDIANYAWENBO,SUOYIHUIJINLIANGZENGDADIANYUANNEIBUDECHUNENG,YIWAIFANGDIANSHITONGGUOSHUCHUXIANLIUDIANZULAIFANGZHIGAOYAERJIGUANSUNHUAI,ZHEIYANGDEJIEGOUDAOZHIGAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANBUSHIYONGYUGAOPINDIANRONGCHONGFANGDIANYINGYONG。


GAOYADIANYUANFANFENGFANGHUQUBIE

GAOYAZHILIUDIANYUANZAIYIWAILAHU(ARC)、SHUCHUDUANLUSHI,CIJILVBODIANRONGDENENGLIANGXUYAOTONGGUOGAOYAERJIGUANSHIFANG,RUGUOMEIYOUDIANLIUXIANZHICUOSHIGUODADEFANGDIANDIANLIUHUIDAOZHIGAOYAERJIGUANDESUNHUAI。SUOYIZAIZHILIUGAOYADIANYUANNEIBUHUIJICHENGXIANLIUDIANZU,XIANLIUDIANZUZAISHEJISHIYISHIYAOBAOZHENGZUGOUDENAIYA,ZAISHUCHUDUANLUDESHUNJIANNENGCHENGSHOUDIANYUANDEEDINGSHUCHUDIANYABUBEIGUOYAJICHUAN,


黑马计划ERSHIYAOBAOZHENGYOUZUGOUDEZUZHIXIANZHIDUANLUDIANLIUBUZHIYUDIANLIUGUODASUNHUAIGAOYAERJIGUAN。DIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANZAIDIANRONGFANGDIANSHIWANGWANGHUIBANSUIZHEFANFENGDIANYA,GUANYUFANFENGDIANYADECHANSHENGKEYICANKAOZHEIPIANWENZHANG《GAOYADIANYUANFANFENGFANGHU》。YOUYUDIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANNEIBUCHUNENGTONGCHANGJIAOXIAO、SUOYIZAIXIANLIUDIANZUJISUANSHIYAOKAOLVDEBUSHINEIBUCHUNENGDESHIFANGERSHIFANFENGDIANYADUIGAOYAERJIGUANDAILAIDECHONGJI。TONGCHANGKEYIZAIXIANLIUQIJIANZHIQIANHAIYAOZENGJIAYIZUXULIUERJIGUANLAIFENDANLIUGUOZHENGLIUERJIGUANDEFANFENGDIANLIU。SUIRANXIANLIUDIANZUKEYIYOUXIAODEJIANGDIFANFENGDAILAIDELANGYONGDIANLIUDANSHIDUIYUDAGONGLVDIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANLAISHUOGUODADEXIANLIUDIANZUHUIDAOZHIZHENGJIXIAOLVDEJIANGDI,SUOYIDUIYUDAGONGLVGAOYACHONGDIANJILAISHUOKEYISHIYONGXIANLIUDIANGANLAIXIANLIU。SUIRANDIANYUANNEIBUYOUYIDINGDEFANGFANFENGNENGLI,DANSHIZHINENGYINGDUIDIFUZHI、DUANSHIJIANDEFANFENG。GAOYACHONGDIANDIANYUANWANGWANGSHIMAICHONGGONGLVJISHUZHENGTAOXITONGDEYIGEZUCHENGBUJIAN,HENDUOQINGKUANGXIAXUYAOXITONGJIKAOLV,XIAOCHUFANFENGDUICHONGDIANJIDEYINGXIANG。


KONGZHIDIANLUDEQUBIE

PUTONGDEZHILIUGAOYADIANYUANYONGYUDIANRONGCHONGDIANSHIHUICUNZAIGUOCHONGDEWENTI,ZHEISHIYOUYUZHILIUGAOYADIANYUANCAIYONGSHUANGBIHUAN(DIANYAHUAN、DIANLIUHUAN)PIDKONGZHI。PIDKONGZHIYINGYONGZAIHENGYAXITONGSHIMEIYOUWENTI,TAKEYIBAOZHENGSHEDINGZHIYUSHIJISHUCHUZHIXIANGDENG。ERZAIDIANRONGCHONGDIANXITONGZHONG,CHONGDIANGUOCHENGZHONGDIANYASHIZHONGDIYUSHEDINGDIANYA,ZHEISHIDIANYAHUANDESHUCHUDADAOZUIDAZHUANGTAI,DIANLIUHUANQIZUOYONG,DIANYUANYISHEDINGDEDIANLIUXIANGDIANRONGCHONGDIAN。CHONGMANDIANSHIDIANYAHUANDESHUCHUKAISHIXIAJIANG。DIANYAHUANCONGZUIDASHUCHUZHUANGTAIQIEHUANDAOTINGZHISHUCHUDEZHUANGTAIXUYAOYIDINGDESHIJIAN,ERZHEIDUANSHIJIANGAOYADIANYUANSHIZHONGZAIGONGZUO,ZHEIJIUDAOZHILESHIJICHONGDIANDEDIANYADAYUSHEDINGDIANYA。


ZHENDUIZHEIYIWENTI,HAIFUKEJIDEGAOYADIANYUANCAIYONGQUANSHUZIHUASUANFA,PAOQICHUANTONGDESHIYONGYUNSUANFANGDAQISHIXIANDEPIDSUANFA,SHUZIHUASUANFAKEYIZAIDADAOSHEDINGDIANYASHILIKETINGZHIGAOYASHUCHU。CHUCIZHIWAIHAIJIARULEYINGJIANBIJIAOQI,DANGDIANRONGDIANYADADAOSHEDINGZHISHILIKETINGZHISHUCHU。JINGGUOZHEIYANGDEGAIJIN,CHONGDIANDEZHONGFUJINGDUKEYIDADAOQIANFENZHIYI。


黑马计划KONGZHIXITONGKANGGANRAONENGLIDEQUBIE

BUTONGYUZHILIUGAOYADIANYUAN,DIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANZAICHUNENGDIANRONGFANGDIANSHIWANGWANGHUICHANSHENGJISHISHANGBAIkA(QIANAN)SHENZHIGENGDADEDIANLIU,XIANCHANGDEDIANCIHUANJINGTONGCHANGBIJIAOELIE。DIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANZISHENYINGGAIYOUBIJIAOQIANGDEKANGGANRAONENGLI。HAIFUKEJIZAIDIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANXITONGJICHENGZHONG,QUANBUCAIYONGGUANGXIANTONGXUN,BAOZHENGKONGZHIDIANXINHAOBUCHUXIANG。BINGQIEKAIFACHUYIXILIESHIYONGYUQIANGDIANCIGANRAOCHANGHEDEZHUKONG、PEIJIANDENGMANZUKEHUDEYINGYONG。ZONGJIEJINGUANZHILIUGAOYADIANYUANYUDIANRONGCHONGDIANDIANYUANYOUZHEZHUDUODEBUTONG,HAIFUKEJIDEGAOYADIANYUANCAIYONGQUANSHUZIHUASUANFAJIANGERZHEJINXINGLETONGYI,TONGYITAIDIANYUANKEYITONGGUOQIANMIANBANCAIDANLAIXUANZEGONGZUOZAIZHILIUDIANYUANMOSHIHUOSHIDIANRONGCHONGDIANMOSHI,GENGDAXIANDUDEMANZUNINDEYINGYONGXUQIU,TONGSHIBAOZHENGDIANYUANDEWENDINGKEKAO。WOMENXIAOSHOUDEMEIYITAIDIANYUANDOUYAOQUEDINGKEHUSHIYONGCHANGJING,QUEBAOJIANGDIANYUANCANSHUDIAOZHENGZHIZUIJIAZHUANGTAI。 


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